Under the UAE’s Federal constitution, which allows each emirate to have its own judicial authority, Dubai has retained its independent courts with a robust and dynamic legal and regulatory framework, which has significantly cleared the economic and cultural growth of the Emirate over the years.

The Dubai Courts comprise three levels of courts: The Court of First Instance, The Court of Appeal, and The Court of Cassation. The Court of First Instance is for the first kind of litigation. It leads to all lawsuits pertaining to commercial, administrative, civil, personal, labor, punitive, and real estate cases.

The second degree of litigation is the Court of Appeal, which deals with all lawsuits referred by the Court of First Instance when the parties don’t reach an agreement from the first degree.